Each autumn the Nobel Prize committee awards its prizes for to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind by making “outstanding contributions in the fields of physics, chemistry, economics, medicine, literature and for work in peace.” Each laureate, or winner, receives a diploma, a medal and a 10 million Swedish Krona cash prize —that’s about 1.5 million US dollars.
This year’s winners include:
- Physics: Saul Perlmutter, Brian P. Schmidt and Adam G. Riess “for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.”
- Chemistry: Dan Shechtman “for the discovery of quasicrystals.”
- Medicine: Bruce A. Beutler and Jules A. Hoffmann “for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity.” Ralph M. Steinman “for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity.”
- Literature: Tomas Tranströmer “because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality.”
- Peace: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman “for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work.”
- Economics: Thomas J. Sargent and Christopher A. Sims “for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy.”
You can offer your congratulations to the laureates at NobelPrize.org.
Check the winner profiles…many laureates credit libraries with nurturing their academic success!