South Sudan map from CIA World Factbook

On July 9, 2011 just 5 days after the U.S. celebrated its 235 birthday the newest country, South Sudan, declared independence from its northern neighbor, Sudan.

According to the CIA World Factbook, “when Sudan gained its independence in 1956, it was with the understanding that the southerners would be able to participate fully in the political system.” Unfortunately that has not always been so. After 2 conflicts and more than 2.5 million deaths the South Sudanese voted in January 2011 to form their own country. Located near the horn of Africa, South Sudan was admitted to the African Union on July 27.

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